Your recent Stripe Fix has broken something within the system as Duplicate Payments have started to appear for some 3D Secure requests.
In your Release Notes (July 21, 2022 | Max Classic | Max Classic) you did the following fix.
“Some Stripe 3D Secure orders were showing unpaid when the payment showed successful in Stripe.”
Unfortunately this is now causing Duplicate Payments to appear in particular circumstances.
I have attached a picture below showing an example of this in action.
I am sure there is other clients will be experiencing this issue.